Data Glossary

BUILDING PERMITS : Source is U.S. Census Bureau, Residential Construction Branch. These are also known as the C-40 reports. Statistics on housing units authorized by building permits include housing units issued in local permit issuing jurisdictions by a building or zoning permit. Housing unit authorization statistics do not represent the number of houses actually built and should not be directly interpreted as housing starts. Data are shown as total units, single-family units (single-family home), 2-4 unit structures (duplexes and the like), and 5-plus unit structures (buildings containing 5 or more housing units, such as apartment buildings). The total listed is for units rather than buildings.

CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE  - The labor force consists of the civilian non-institutional population 16 years and over who have a job or are actively looking for employment.  Using this definition, someone who is a homemaker or is retired would not be considered part of the labor force.

EMPLOYMENT/JOB GROWTH  - Source is U.S. Dept. of Labor. This is referred to as the establishment survey and is derived from a monthly survey of 400,000 business establishments nationwide called the Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey. It is done in conjunction with the Current Population Survey, which is used to provide unemployment data. Employment according to this survey is "the total number of persons on establishment payrolls employed full- or part-time who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th day of the month".

EMPLOYMENT BY SECTOR  – Total nonfarm employment is broken down by sector.  The difference in the employment figure under the civilian labor force and the total nonfarm employment accounts for those who are self employed, unpaid family workers and agricultural workers.

Goods Producing  – Contains Natural Resources and Mining, Construction and Manufacturing industries.
Service Providing  – Contains all other industries.
Natural Resources and Mining  – Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction (NAICS 21) and Logging (NAICS 1133), which is a subcategory of NAICS 11 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting.  The rest of the Agriculture sector is not included in the employment numbers provided.
Construction  – Construction is NAICS sector 23 which includes such industries as residential, industrial and commercial construction; land subdivision; pipeline, road and bridge construction as well as specialty trade contractors.
Manufacturing  – Manufacturing is NAICS sector 31-33 and includes industries involved in making or producing all number of products from food and drink to clothing, soap, paper, machines and electrical equipment.  Major manufacturing goods produced in Arizona are semiconductors and aircraft parts.  Manufacturing is often divided into durable and nondurable goods.  Durable goods are those which typically last for more than three years (aircraft parts, appliances) and nondurable goods typically last less than a year (food, paper).
Trade, Transportation and Utilities  – Contains Wholesale Trade (42), Retail Trade (44-45), Transportation and Warehousing (48-49) and Utilities (22).   Transportation and Warehousing involves all industries pertaining to transportation (air, rail, truck, water, and passenger) and the warehousing or storage of materials.  It also includes couriers, delivery services and postal service.  Utilities are natural gas distribution, electric power generation and distribution as well as water, sewage and other systems.  
Information  – Information is NAICS sector 51 which includes such industries as publishing, radio and television broadcasting, telecommunications, web search portals and libraries.
Financial Activities  – Contains Finance and Insurance (52) and Real Estate and Rental and Leasing (53).  Finance and Insurance includes industries connected to banking and investments as well as insurance carriers and related activities. Real Estate and Rental and Leasing is comprised of firms in all areas of real estate such as agents, brokers, property managers, appraisers and of agencies that rent or lease products such as cars, formal wear, and machinery. 
Professional and Business Services  – Contains Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (54), Management of Companies and Enterprises (55) and Administrative and Waste Services (56).  Professional, Scientific and Technical Services includes such businesses as legal services, architectural and engineering services, graphic design, computer systems design, advertising and public relations, veterinary services and scientific research. The Administrative and Waste Services sector includes industries such as call centers, temp agencies, travel agencies, security and janitorial services, and waste treatment and disposal.
Education and Health Services  – Contains Educational Services (61) and Health Care and Social Assistance (62).  For employment data purposes, Educational Services describes only private education for elementary, secondary, junior college and university levels as well as trade or technical training schools.  NAICS sector 62, Health Care and Social Assistance consists of doctor and dentist offices, hospitals, nursing homes, individual and family services, and day care services. 
Leisure and Hospitality  – Contains Arts, Entertainment and Recreation (71) and Accommodations and Food Services (72).  NAICS sector 71 covers performing arts and spectator sports, museums, zoos, amusement parks, casinos and recreation facilities such as ski areas and golf courses. Accommodations and Food Services are what one would expect – restaurants, caterers, bars, hotels/motels, bed & breakfast inns and RV parks.
Other Services  – Other Services, except Public Administration is NAICS sector 81 and contains such industries as those related to repair and maintenance (auto shops), personal and laundry services (beauty salons, funeral homes, dry cleaners), and membership associations (labor unions, religious and civic organizations).
Government  – Government is broken down into “Federal” and “State and Local” as well as “State and Local Government Education” so as not to confuse public education employment with that in Education and Health Services.  Other sources will separate state and local information.  Government information can be found in NAICS under sector 92 – Public Administration.

HOUSING SALES AND PRICES  – The source for this data are the local multiple listing services and real estate associations. EBR collects data from the monthly reports regarding total sales and number of houses sold and calculates an average price based on those figures.

NAICS  – The North American Industrial Classification System is the coding system used by the United States, Canada and Mexico to categorize businesses and industries.  It replaced the SIC (Standard Industrial Classification) system in 1997 and divides all industries into 20 major sectors and numerous subcategories using a numerical system of 2- to 6- digit codes (two digit codes representing the major sectors).   The sectors are explained in brief under EMPLOYMENT BY SECTOR and further information on NAICS categories can be found at .

NET MIGRATION  – The net migration is calculated by taking the change in population and subtracting the natural increase (births minus deaths) from that.  The source for birth and death data is the Arizona Dept. of Health Services.

PER CAPITA PERSONAL INCOME  - Source is the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis and is forecasted by EBR. It is the personal income total for an area divided by the population of that area.

PERSONAL INCOME  - Source is U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic Accounts and is forecasted by EBR. This is displayed as a total figure for a particular geography. Personal income is the current income received by persons from all sources, less their contributions to government social insurance. All sources include dividends, interest and estimated net rental value to owner-occupants of their homes. This differs from "Household Income", which is provided by the Census Bureau.

POPULATION  - Source is U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. These estimates are part of the Federal-State Cooperative Program for Population Estimates and are available annually by state, county, metro area and incorporated place.

RETAIL SALES  - Source is Arizona Dept. of Revenue & EBR. Retail sales include sales from businesses whose primary classification is as a retail establishment. The aggregate retail sales figure includes restaurant and bar sales as well as figures of gasoline and food sales estimated by EBR.

SALES  – Source is the Arizona Dept. of Revenue.  The data provided are the totals from the transaction privilege tax for retail (see RETAIL SALES) as well as several other categories such as contracting, hotel/motel, utilities, and amusements which are taxed at varying rates.

UNEMPLOYMENT  - Source is the Arizona Dept. of Commerce Research Administration in conjunction with the U.S. Dept. of Labor.  This is referred to as the household survey.  The Current Population Survey, which conducted by the Census Bureau for the U.S. Department of Labor, is the source for national level unemployment data.  State and local area unemployment data are derived from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program which a cooperative program between states and the Bureau of Labor Statistics that uses data from several sources including the Current Population Survey, Current Employment Statistics and state unemployment insurance information.  The unemployed are those in the labor force who do not have a job, have actively looked for work in the prior four weeks and are currently available for work.

WAGES/EARNINGS  - Source is U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic Accounts. Earnings are comprised of wage and salary disbursements, supplements to wages and salaries (such as employer contribution to social insurance), and proprietor's income - both farm and non-farm. The state level data presented shows wage data while the metro area data represents earnings.

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